Identity and Group Conflict

Subhasish M. Chowdhury, Joo Young Jeon, Abhijit Ramalingam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 5 Citations

Abstract

We experimentally investigate the effects of real and minimal identities on group conflict. In turn we provide a direct empirical test of the hypotheses coined by Amartya Sen that the salience of a real identity escalates conflict but that of a mere classification would not do so. In a baseline treatment, two groups – East Asians and Caucasians – engage in a group contest, but information on the racial composition of the groups is not revealed. In the minimal identity treatment each group is arbitrarily given a different color code, whereas in the real identity treatment the race information is revealed. Supporting Sen׳s hypotheses, we find that compared to the baseline, free-riding declines and conflict effort increases in the real identity treatment but not in the minimal identity treatment. Moreover, this occurs due to an increase in efforts in the real identity treatment by females in both racial groups.

LanguageEnglish
Pages107-121
JournalEuropean Economic Review
Volume90
DOIs
StatusPublished - 18 Feb 2016

Fingerprint

Contests
Empirical test
Free-riding
Asia
Amartya Sen

Cite this

Identity and Group Conflict. / Chowdhury, Subhasish M.; Jeon, Joo Young; Ramalingam, Abhijit.

In: European Economic Review, Vol. 90, 18.02.2016, p. 107-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chowdhury, SM, Jeon, JY & Ramalingam, A 2016, 'Identity and Group Conflict' European Economic Review, vol. 90, pp. 107-121. DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2016.02.003
Chowdhury SM, Jeon JY, Ramalingam A. Identity and Group Conflict. European Economic Review. 2016 Feb 18;90:107-121. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2016.02.003
Chowdhury, Subhasish M. ; Jeon, Joo Young ; Ramalingam, Abhijit. / Identity and Group Conflict. In: European Economic Review. 2016 ; Vol. 90. pp. 107-121
@article{bca35e3df3584c6e83785dad640cd505,
title = "Identity and Group Conflict",
abstract = "We experimentally investigate the effects of real and minimal identities on group conflict. In turn we provide a direct empirical test of the hypotheses coined by Amartya Sen that the salience of a real identity escalates conflict but that of a mere classification would not do so. In a baseline treatment, two groups – East Asians and Caucasians – engage in a group contest, but information on the racial composition of the groups is not revealed. In the minimal identity treatment each group is arbitrarily given a different color code, whereas in the real identity treatment the race information is revealed. Supporting Sen׳s hypotheses, we find that compared to the baseline, free-riding declines and conflict effort increases in the real identity treatment but not in the minimal identity treatment. Moreover, this occurs due to an increase in efforts in the real identity treatment by females in both racial groups.",
author = "Chowdhury, {Subhasish M.} and Jeon, {Joo Young} and Abhijit Ramalingam",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1016/j.euroecorev.2016.02.003",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "107--121",
journal = "European Economic Review",
issn = "0014-2921",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identity and Group Conflict

AU - Chowdhury,Subhasish M.

AU - Jeon,Joo Young

AU - Ramalingam,Abhijit

PY - 2016/2/18

Y1 - 2016/2/18

N2 - We experimentally investigate the effects of real and minimal identities on group conflict. In turn we provide a direct empirical test of the hypotheses coined by Amartya Sen that the salience of a real identity escalates conflict but that of a mere classification would not do so. In a baseline treatment, two groups – East Asians and Caucasians – engage in a group contest, but information on the racial composition of the groups is not revealed. In the minimal identity treatment each group is arbitrarily given a different color code, whereas in the real identity treatment the race information is revealed. Supporting Sen׳s hypotheses, we find that compared to the baseline, free-riding declines and conflict effort increases in the real identity treatment but not in the minimal identity treatment. Moreover, this occurs due to an increase in efforts in the real identity treatment by females in both racial groups.

AB - We experimentally investigate the effects of real and minimal identities on group conflict. In turn we provide a direct empirical test of the hypotheses coined by Amartya Sen that the salience of a real identity escalates conflict but that of a mere classification would not do so. In a baseline treatment, two groups – East Asians and Caucasians – engage in a group contest, but information on the racial composition of the groups is not revealed. In the minimal identity treatment each group is arbitrarily given a different color code, whereas in the real identity treatment the race information is revealed. Supporting Sen׳s hypotheses, we find that compared to the baseline, free-riding declines and conflict effort increases in the real identity treatment but not in the minimal identity treatment. Moreover, this occurs due to an increase in efforts in the real identity treatment by females in both racial groups.

UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroecorev.2016.02.003

U2 - 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2016.02.003

DO - 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2016.02.003

M3 - Article

VL - 90

SP - 107

EP - 121

JO - European Economic Review

T2 - European Economic Review

JF - European Economic Review

SN - 0014-2921

ER -