Identification of the protein kinase C isoenzymes in human lung and airways smooth muscle at the protein and mRNA level

Benjamin L.J. Webb, Mark A. Lindsay, Joachim Seybold, Nigel J. Brand, Magdi H. Yacoub, El Bdaoui Haddad, Peter J. Barnes, Ian M. Adcock, Mark A. Giembycz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (SciVal)


The protein kinase C (PKC) isoenzymes expressed by human peripheral lung and tracheal smooth muscle resected from individuals undergoing heart-lung transplantation were identified at the protein and mRNA level. Western immunoblot analyses of human lung identified multiple PKC isoenzymes that were differentially distributed between the soluble and particulate fraction. Thus, PKCα, PKCβ(II), PKCε, and PKCζ were recovered predominantly in the soluble fraction whereas the η isoform was membrane-associated together with trace amounts of PKCα and PKCε. PKCβ1-like immunoreactivity was occasionally seen although the intensity of the band was uniformly weak. Immunoreactive bands corresponding to PKCs γ, δ, or a were never detected. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of RNA extracted from human lung using oligonucleotide primer pairs that recognise unique sequences in each of the PKC genes amplified cDNA fragments that corresponded to the predicted sizes of PKCα, PKCβ(I), PKCβ(II), PKCε, PKCζ, and PKCη (consistent with the expression of PKC isoenzyme protein) and, in addition, mRNA for PKCδ; PCR fragments of the expected size for the supposedly muscle-specific isoform, PKCφ, or the atypical isoenzyme, PKCλ, were never obtained. The complement and distribution of PKC isoforms in human trachealis were similar, but not identical, to human lung. Thus, immunoreactive bands corresponding to the α, β(I), β(II), ε, and ζ isoenzymes of PKC were routinely labelled in the cytosolic fraction. In the particulate material PKCα, PKCε, PKCα, PKCη, and PKCμ were detected by immunoblotting. With the exception of PKCζ, RT-PCR analyses confirmed the expression of the PKC isoforms detected at the protein level and, in addition, identified mRNA for PKCδ. Collectively, these data clearly demonstrate the expression of multiple PKC isoenzymes in human lung and tracheal smooth muscle, suggesting that they subserve diverse multifunctional roles in these tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-205
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 1997


  • Human lung
  • Human tracheal smooth muscle
  • Human trachealis
  • PKC mRNA
  • PKC multiplicity
  • Protein kinase c

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology


Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of the protein kinase C isoenzymes in human lung and airways smooth muscle at the protein and mRNA level'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this