Identification and biochemical characterization of two novel UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid 2-epimerases from respiratory pathogens

Erin L Westman, David J McNally, Martin Rejzek, Wayne L Miller, Vellupillai Sri Kannathasan, Andrew Preston, Duncan J Maskell, Robert A Field, Jean-Robert Brisson, Joseph S Lam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The heteropolymeric O-antigen of the lipopolysaccharide from Pseudomonas aeruginosa serogroup O5 as well as the band-A trisaccharide from Bordetella pertussis contain the di-N-acetylated mannosaminuronic acid derivative, beta-D-ManNAc3NAcA (2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-beta-D-mannuronic acid). The biosynthesis of the precursor for this sugar is proposed to require five steps, through which UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc (UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine) is converted via four steps into UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid), and this intermediate compound is then epimerized by WbpI (P. aeruginosa), or by its orthologue, WlbD (B. pertussis), to form UDP-alpha-D-ManNAc3NAcA (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-mannuronic acid). UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA, the proposed substrate for WbpI and WlbD, was obtained through chemical synthesis. His6-WbpI and His6-WlbD were overexpressed and then purified by affinity chromatography using FPLC. Capillary electrophoresis was used to analyse reactions with each enzyme, and revealed that both enzymes used UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA as a substrate, and reacted optimally in sodium phosphate buffer (pH 6.0). Neither enzyme utilized UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc, UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAcA (UDP-2-acetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid) or UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAc (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucose) as substrates. His6-WbpI or His6-WlbD reactions with UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA produce a novel peak with an identical retention time, as shown by capillary electrophoresis. To unambiguously characterize the reaction product, enzyme-substrate reactions were allowed to proceed directly in the NMR tube and conversion of substrate into product was monitored over time through the acquisition of a proton spectrum at regular intervals. Data collected from one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments showed that His6-WbpI catalysed the 2-epimerization of UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA, converting it into UDP-alpha-D-ManNAc3NAcA. Collectively, these results provide evidence that WbpI and WlbD are UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid 2-epimerases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume405
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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Racemases and Epimerases
Glucuronic Acid
Uridine Diphosphate
Pathogens
Bordetella pertussis
Substrates
Capillary electrophoresis
Capillary Electrophoresis
Enzymes
2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-glucuronic acid
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Uridine Diphosphate Glucuronic Acid
Nuclear magnetic resonance
O Antigens
Acetylglucosamine
Affinity chromatography
Affinity Chromatography
Glucosamine
Biosynthesis

Cite this

Identification and biochemical characterization of two novel UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid 2-epimerases from respiratory pathogens. / Westman, Erin L; McNally, David J; Rejzek, Martin; Miller, Wayne L; Kannathasan, Vellupillai Sri; Preston, Andrew; Maskell, Duncan J; Field, Robert A; Brisson, Jean-Robert; Lam, Joseph S.

In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 405, No. 1, 2007, p. 123-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Westman, EL, McNally, DJ, Rejzek, M, Miller, WL, Kannathasan, VS, Preston, A, Maskell, DJ, Field, RA, Brisson, J-R & Lam, JS 2007, 'Identification and biochemical characterization of two novel UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid 2-epimerases from respiratory pathogens', Biochemical Journal, vol. 405, no. 1, pp. 123-130. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20070017
Westman, Erin L ; McNally, David J ; Rejzek, Martin ; Miller, Wayne L ; Kannathasan, Vellupillai Sri ; Preston, Andrew ; Maskell, Duncan J ; Field, Robert A ; Brisson, Jean-Robert ; Lam, Joseph S. / Identification and biochemical characterization of two novel UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid 2-epimerases from respiratory pathogens. In: Biochemical Journal. 2007 ; Vol. 405, No. 1. pp. 123-130.
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abstract = "The heteropolymeric O-antigen of the lipopolysaccharide from Pseudomonas aeruginosa serogroup O5 as well as the band-A trisaccharide from Bordetella pertussis contain the di-N-acetylated mannosaminuronic acid derivative, beta-D-ManNAc3NAcA (2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-beta-D-mannuronic acid). The biosynthesis of the precursor for this sugar is proposed to require five steps, through which UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc (UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine) is converted via four steps into UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid), and this intermediate compound is then epimerized by WbpI (P. aeruginosa), or by its orthologue, WlbD (B. pertussis), to form UDP-alpha-D-ManNAc3NAcA (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-mannuronic acid). UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA, the proposed substrate for WbpI and WlbD, was obtained through chemical synthesis. His6-WbpI and His6-WlbD were overexpressed and then purified by affinity chromatography using FPLC. Capillary electrophoresis was used to analyse reactions with each enzyme, and revealed that both enzymes used UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA as a substrate, and reacted optimally in sodium phosphate buffer (pH 6.0). Neither enzyme utilized UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc, UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAcA (UDP-2-acetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid) or UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAc (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucose) as substrates. His6-WbpI or His6-WlbD reactions with UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA produce a novel peak with an identical retention time, as shown by capillary electrophoresis. To unambiguously characterize the reaction product, enzyme-substrate reactions were allowed to proceed directly in the NMR tube and conversion of substrate into product was monitored over time through the acquisition of a proton spectrum at regular intervals. Data collected from one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments showed that His6-WbpI catalysed the 2-epimerization of UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA, converting it into UDP-alpha-D-ManNAc3NAcA. Collectively, these results provide evidence that WbpI and WlbD are UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid 2-epimerases.",
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T1 - Identification and biochemical characterization of two novel UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid 2-epimerases from respiratory pathogens

AU - Westman, Erin L

AU - McNally, David J

AU - Rejzek, Martin

AU - Miller, Wayne L

AU - Kannathasan, Vellupillai Sri

AU - Preston, Andrew

AU - Maskell, Duncan J

AU - Field, Robert A

AU - Brisson, Jean-Robert

AU - Lam, Joseph S

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - The heteropolymeric O-antigen of the lipopolysaccharide from Pseudomonas aeruginosa serogroup O5 as well as the band-A trisaccharide from Bordetella pertussis contain the di-N-acetylated mannosaminuronic acid derivative, beta-D-ManNAc3NAcA (2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-beta-D-mannuronic acid). The biosynthesis of the precursor for this sugar is proposed to require five steps, through which UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc (UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine) is converted via four steps into UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid), and this intermediate compound is then epimerized by WbpI (P. aeruginosa), or by its orthologue, WlbD (B. pertussis), to form UDP-alpha-D-ManNAc3NAcA (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-mannuronic acid). UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA, the proposed substrate for WbpI and WlbD, was obtained through chemical synthesis. His6-WbpI and His6-WlbD were overexpressed and then purified by affinity chromatography using FPLC. Capillary electrophoresis was used to analyse reactions with each enzyme, and revealed that both enzymes used UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA as a substrate, and reacted optimally in sodium phosphate buffer (pH 6.0). Neither enzyme utilized UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc, UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAcA (UDP-2-acetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid) or UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAc (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucose) as substrates. His6-WbpI or His6-WlbD reactions with UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA produce a novel peak with an identical retention time, as shown by capillary electrophoresis. To unambiguously characterize the reaction product, enzyme-substrate reactions were allowed to proceed directly in the NMR tube and conversion of substrate into product was monitored over time through the acquisition of a proton spectrum at regular intervals. Data collected from one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments showed that His6-WbpI catalysed the 2-epimerization of UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA, converting it into UDP-alpha-D-ManNAc3NAcA. Collectively, these results provide evidence that WbpI and WlbD are UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid 2-epimerases.

AB - The heteropolymeric O-antigen of the lipopolysaccharide from Pseudomonas aeruginosa serogroup O5 as well as the band-A trisaccharide from Bordetella pertussis contain the di-N-acetylated mannosaminuronic acid derivative, beta-D-ManNAc3NAcA (2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-beta-D-mannuronic acid). The biosynthesis of the precursor for this sugar is proposed to require five steps, through which UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc (UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine) is converted via four steps into UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid), and this intermediate compound is then epimerized by WbpI (P. aeruginosa), or by its orthologue, WlbD (B. pertussis), to form UDP-alpha-D-ManNAc3NAcA (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-mannuronic acid). UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA, the proposed substrate for WbpI and WlbD, was obtained through chemical synthesis. His6-WbpI and His6-WlbD were overexpressed and then purified by affinity chromatography using FPLC. Capillary electrophoresis was used to analyse reactions with each enzyme, and revealed that both enzymes used UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA as a substrate, and reacted optimally in sodium phosphate buffer (pH 6.0). Neither enzyme utilized UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc, UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAcA (UDP-2-acetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid) or UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAc (UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucose) as substrates. His6-WbpI or His6-WlbD reactions with UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA produce a novel peak with an identical retention time, as shown by capillary electrophoresis. To unambiguously characterize the reaction product, enzyme-substrate reactions were allowed to proceed directly in the NMR tube and conversion of substrate into product was monitored over time through the acquisition of a proton spectrum at regular intervals. Data collected from one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments showed that His6-WbpI catalysed the 2-epimerization of UDP-alpha-D-GlcNAc3NAcA, converting it into UDP-alpha-D-ManNAc3NAcA. Collectively, these results provide evidence that WbpI and WlbD are UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronic acid 2-epimerases.

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