I blame therefore it was: Rape myth acceptance, victim blaming, and memory reconstruction

Rael J. Dawtry, Philip J. Cozzolino, Mitchell J. Callan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined the causal order of relationships between rape-myth acceptance (RMA), victim blaming and memory reconstruction. In Study 1, RMA-congruent memory (or alternatively, victim blaming) mediated the relationship between RMA and victim blaming (memory reconstruction). In Study 2, similar relationships emerged between RMA, victim blaming and memory reconstruction. Although no mediation of RMA occurred in Study 2 independently, a mini-meta-analysis of the Study 1 and 2 data replicated both patterns of mediation observed in Study 1. In Study 3, memory accuracy for neutral details of a rape scenario was unrelated to RMA. Manipulating memory to be more (vs. less) RMA-congruent had no effect on victim blaming (Study 4), although manipulating perceived victim blameworthiness (Studies 5 and 6) produced RMA-congruent memory reconstruction when the victim was more (vs. less) blameworthy. The results suggest that, via victim blaming, RMA motivates a memory reconstruction process that explains and justifies victim blaming after-the-fact.
LanguageEnglish
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Early online date11 Jan 2019
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Jan 2019

Cite this

I blame therefore it was : Rape myth acceptance, victim blaming, and memory reconstruction. / Dawtry, Rael J.; Cozzolino, Philip J.; Callan, Mitchell J.

In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 11.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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