Hygrothermal effects and moisture kinetics in a bio-based multi-layered wall: Experimental and numerical studies

N. Reuge, F. Collet, S. Pretot, S. Moisette, M. Bart, O. Style, A. Shea, C. Lanos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A bio-based multi-layered reference wall has been developed within the framework of the European ISOBIO project. One of the key points of this project was to be able to perform proper simulations of the hygrothermal transfers occurring inside such walls. Previous published investigations, also performed in the framework of this project, have demonstrated that the classic assumption of instantaneous equilibrium between local relative humidity and water content according to the sorption isotherm is not relevant for bio-based porous materials, where, in practice, a rather slow kinetics of sorption occurs. The theoretical background developed in this previous study is used here to determine the kinetic constants of the bio-based construction materials and to perform 1D hygrothermal simulations. The kinetics constants are determined thanks to a 1D cylindrical tool based on the local kinetics approach, validated against several experiments of sorption. Then, heat and hygric transfers recorded on a demonstrator building (The HIVE, Wroughton, UK) are analyzed and are simulated using two modeling tools: TMC based on the Künzel approach and TMCKIN based on the local kinetic approach. From the simulations, the local kinetics improves the small timescale RH dynamics. The comparison with measurements performed in the demonstrator confirms the relevance of the local kinetics approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117928
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume240
Early online date30 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Bio-based building materials
  • Hygrothermal transfer
  • Local kinetics
  • Mass transfer
  • Modeling
  • Sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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