Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) is one of the most common membrane materials, but the intrinsic hydrophobic nature is a major reason for deteriorating performances in water purification. In this work, the influences of atomic layer deposition (ALD) seeding and subsequent ZnO nanorod (NR) growth on the surface morphologies and water permeability of ePTFE membranes was investigated. ZnO-ALD ePTFE membrane showed an order of magnitude increase in water permeation, owing to the substantial increase in surface hydrophilicity and surface area. The best-performing ZnO NRs membrane had a pure water flux (PWF) of 1764.3 L·m-2·h-1 (compared to 153.8 L·m-2·h-1 of the pristine ePTFE membrane). Suspension filtration experiments indicate that the ZnO NRs filter showed an increase of steady-state flux of more than 5 times and an increase of 29.7% in retention compared to that of the ePTFE membrane. Significantly, the novel ZnO NR filter exhibited good photocatalytic performance as demonstrated in the degradation of methyl orange (MO) solution. Therefore, the functionalized membrane can potentially overcome the inherent limitation in the trade-off effect and imply their superiority for controlling water quality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering