Hydrogen uptake by {H[Mg(HCOO)3]⊃NHMe2} and determination of its H2 adsorption sites through monte carlo simulations

Andrea Rossin, David Fairen-Jimenez, Tina Düren, Giuliano Giambastiani, Maurizio Peruzzini, Jenny G. Vitillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (SciVal)


A detailed analysis of the solvothermal synthesis in DMF of the polymeric magnesium formate {H[Mg(HCOO)3]⊃NHMe2} (1) from Mg(ClO4)2•6H2O revealed that the final crystalline product is formed after an acid-catalyzed DMF hydrolysis, producing formic acid and dimethylamine. The former bridges magnesium(II) centers, creating the 3D scaffold, while the latter is trapped inside the cubic cavities of the polymer, engaging in strong hydrogen bonding with the formate ions of the cage. After thermal activation and guest removal, the material was tested for hydrogen uptake at T = 77 K over the 0-80 bar pressure range, and the existence of preferred H2 adsorption sites was assessed through grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations. No specific low-energy site was found, and the H2 molecules positions within the framework cavities are mainly dependent on packing effects. Thus, at low H 2 loadings the most populated site is the center of the cubic cavities, even though, at higher pressures, two more "localized" positions have been found by the simulation because of the reduced freedom of movement. The maximum experimental H2 uptake corresponds to 8.8 mg/g or 13.5 mg/cm3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10124-10131
Number of pages8
Issue number16
Early online date7 Jul 2011
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • General Materials Science
  • Spectroscopy


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