Hydrogen production and simultaneous photoelectrocatalytic pollutant oxidation using a TiO2/WO3 nanostructured photoanode under visible light irradiation

T. T. Guaraldo, V. R. Gonçales, B. F. Silva, S. I.C. De Torresi, M. V.B. Zanoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Photoelectrochemical (PEC) hydrogen production and simultaneous organic waste degradation is a re-emerging field. The main challenge of this technique has been the synthesis of new photoanode materials that are active towards visible light. Coupling close band gap energy oxides can be used to obtain materials with new optical and electronic properties. For this purpose, Ti/TiO2/WO3 electrodes were prepared by electrochemical anodization followed by templating and cathodic electrodeposition. The nanostructured bicomponent material was used as a photoanode for simultaneous hydrogen generation and organic dye degradation. A good photoactivity response (11 mA cm -2) was obtained under UV and visible light irradiation, when compared to pure TiO2 (8 mA cm -2). Optimization of photoelectrochemical conditions revealed that pH optimization had a major impact on H2 production, resulting in satisfactory hydrogen generation efficiency (46%) and dye removal (100% discoloration and 85% reduction in TOC). A dye oxidation mechanism is proposed, based on LC-MS/MS analyses. The TiO2/WO3 photoanode could potentially be used for environmental remediation and hydrogen generation under solar irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-196
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume765
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Bicomponent electrodes
  • Dye degradation
  • Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production
  • TiO/WO templates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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