Hydrogen-Bond Acceptor and Donor Properties of Divalent Sulfur (Y-S-Z and R-S-H)

Frank H. Allen, Craig M. Bird, R. Scott Rowland, Paul R. Raithby

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Abstract

The hydrogen-bond acceptor ability of divalent sulfur in Y-S-Z systems, Y, Z = C, N, O or S, and the donor ability of thiol S-H have been studied using crystallographic data retrieved from the Cambridge Structural Database. Of 1811 Y-S-Z substructures that co-occur with N-H or O-H donors, only 86 (4.75%) form S⋯H-N,O bonds within S⋯H < 2.9 Å. In dialkylthioethers, the frequency of S⋯H bond formation is 6.24%, but drops below 3% when the alkyl groups are successively replaced by Csp2 centres. This parallels an increasing δ-positivity of S as calculated using ab initio methods. A similar frequency trend is observed for O⋯H-N,O bond formation by analogous oxyethers. Mean intermolecular >S⋯H distances for O-H [2.67 (3) Å] and N-H [2.75 (2) A] donors (with H positions normalized to neutron values) are ca 0.25 Å longer than in C=S⋯H-N,O systems, indicative of very weak hydrogen bonding to >S. Intramolecular >S⋯H are slightly more frequent (8.56%), with S⋯H slightly shorter than for the intermolecular case. In contrast, 26 (70.3%) out of 37 S-H donors that co-occur with suitable acceptors form X⋯H-S bonds. The C=O⋯H-S system is predominant with a mean O⋯H distance of 2.34 (4) Å, considerably longer (weaker) than in C=O⋯H-O systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)696-701
Number of pages6
JournalActa Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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