HVDC transmission systems using voltage source converters (VSC-HVDC) have been identified as an attractive solution for bulk power delivery over long distance. However if DC grids are to be built using this technology, fast DC circuit breakers are needed. This work proposes a new hybrid DC circuit breaker utilizing a series connected coupled inductor connected, which enables automatic current commutation from the mechanical switch to the semiconductor switch during a fault. The key advantage of the proposed DC circuit breaker is that the current in the mechanical switch automatically reduces to zero when a fault happens. This paper focuses on comparison of different mechanisms to commutate the current from the mechanical switch to the semiconductor switch and create a zero current for the mechanical switch. Three types of hybrid DC circuit breaker topologies including proactive hybrid DC circuit breaker, hybrid DC circuit breaker with commutation booster, and hybrid DC circuit breaker with coupled inductor for a 500 kV HVDC system are simulated and compared using Matlab/Simulink. A prototype hybrid DC circuit breaker with coupled inductor is designed and built. The prototype is capable of interrupting 200 A direct current within 4 ms. The automatic current commutation compensates for the fault detection and location time in the selective protection scheme, which provides faster fault current interruption.
|Journal||International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems|
|Early online date||17 Mar 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Sep 2020|