Human adipose derived stem cells are superior to human osteoblasts (HOB) in bone tissue engineering on a collagen-fibroin-ELR blend

Esen Sayin, Rosti Readioff, José CarlosRodríguez-Cabello, Ahmed Elsheikh, Erkan Turker Baran, Vasif Hasirci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The ultrastructure of the bone provides a unique mechanical strength against compressive, torsional and tensional stresses. An elastin-like recombinamer (ELR) with a nucleation sequence for hydroxyapatite was incorporated into films prepared from a collagen – silk fibroin blend carrying microchannel patterns to stimulate anisotropic osteogenesis. SEM and fluorescence microscopy showed the alignment of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and the human osteoblasts (HOBs) on the ridges and in the grooves of microchannel patterned collagen-fibroin-ELR blend films. The Young's modulus and the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of untreated films were 0.58 ± 0.13 MPa and 0.18 ± 0.05 MPa, respectively. After 28 days of cell culture, ADSC seeded film had a Young's modulus of 1.21 ± 0.42 MPa and UTS of 0.32 ± 0.15 MPa which were about 3 fold higher than HOB seeded films. The difference in Young's modulus was statistically significant (p: 0.02). ADSCs attached, proliferated and mineralized better than the HOBs. In the light of these results, ADSCs served as a better cell source than HOBs for bone tissue engineering of collagen-fibroin-ELR based constructs used in this study. We have thus shown the enhancement in the tensile mechanical properties of the bone tissue engineered scaffolds by using ADSCs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-81
Number of pages11
JournalBioactive Materials
Volume2
Issue number2
Early online date15 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

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