How Much Does Effortful Thinking Underlie Observers’ Reactions to Victimization?

Annelie J. Harvey, Mitchell J. Callan, William J. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

From blaming to helping innocent victims, just-world research has revealed that observers react to victimization in a variety of ways. Recent research suggests that such responses to victimization require effortful thought, whereas other research has shown that people can react to these situations intuitively. Along with manipulating just-world threat, across seven experiments, we manipulated or measured participants’ level of mental processing before assessing judgments of victim derogation, blame, willingness to help, and ultimate justice reasoning. The effect of just-world threat on these responses held constant over a range of manipulations/measures, suggesting that the processes involved in maintaining a belief in a just world are not restricted to the rational, deliberative level of mental processing but also occur intuitively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-208
Number of pages34
JournalSocial Justice Research
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2014

Fingerprint

victimization
threat
manipulation
justice
experiment

Keywords

  • Belief in a just world
  • Cognitive load
  • Intuitive/experiential thinking
  • Rational/deliberative thinking
  • Victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law

Cite this

How Much Does Effortful Thinking Underlie Observers’ Reactions to Victimization? / Harvey, Annelie J.; Callan, Mitchell J.; Matthews, William J.

In: Social Justice Research, Vol. 27, No. 2, 01.06.2014, p. 175-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvey, Annelie J. ; Callan, Mitchell J. ; Matthews, William J. / How Much Does Effortful Thinking Underlie Observers’ Reactions to Victimization?. In: Social Justice Research. 2014 ; Vol. 27, No. 2. pp. 175-208.
@article{0283b1de12a049adaae105a64203d0d9,
title = "How Much Does Effortful Thinking Underlie Observers’ Reactions to Victimization?",
abstract = "From blaming to helping innocent victims, just-world research has revealed that observers react to victimization in a variety of ways. Recent research suggests that such responses to victimization require effortful thought, whereas other research has shown that people can react to these situations intuitively. Along with manipulating just-world threat, across seven experiments, we manipulated or measured participants’ level of mental processing before assessing judgments of victim derogation, blame, willingness to help, and ultimate justice reasoning. The effect of just-world threat on these responses held constant over a range of manipulations/measures, suggesting that the processes involved in maintaining a belief in a just world are not restricted to the rational, deliberative level of mental processing but also occur intuitively.",
keywords = "Belief in a just world, Cognitive load, Intuitive/experiential thinking, Rational/deliberative thinking, Victimization",
author = "Harvey, {Annelie J.} and Callan, {Mitchell J.} and Matthews, {William J.}",
year = "2014",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11211-014-0209-3",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "175--208",
journal = "Social Justice Research",
issn = "0885-7466",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How Much Does Effortful Thinking Underlie Observers’ Reactions to Victimization?

AU - Harvey, Annelie J.

AU - Callan, Mitchell J.

AU - Matthews, William J.

PY - 2014/6/1

Y1 - 2014/6/1

N2 - From blaming to helping innocent victims, just-world research has revealed that observers react to victimization in a variety of ways. Recent research suggests that such responses to victimization require effortful thought, whereas other research has shown that people can react to these situations intuitively. Along with manipulating just-world threat, across seven experiments, we manipulated or measured participants’ level of mental processing before assessing judgments of victim derogation, blame, willingness to help, and ultimate justice reasoning. The effect of just-world threat on these responses held constant over a range of manipulations/measures, suggesting that the processes involved in maintaining a belief in a just world are not restricted to the rational, deliberative level of mental processing but also occur intuitively.

AB - From blaming to helping innocent victims, just-world research has revealed that observers react to victimization in a variety of ways. Recent research suggests that such responses to victimization require effortful thought, whereas other research has shown that people can react to these situations intuitively. Along with manipulating just-world threat, across seven experiments, we manipulated or measured participants’ level of mental processing before assessing judgments of victim derogation, blame, willingness to help, and ultimate justice reasoning. The effect of just-world threat on these responses held constant over a range of manipulations/measures, suggesting that the processes involved in maintaining a belief in a just world are not restricted to the rational, deliberative level of mental processing but also occur intuitively.

KW - Belief in a just world

KW - Cognitive load

KW - Intuitive/experiential thinking

KW - Rational/deliberative thinking

KW - Victimization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939885502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s11211-014-0209-3

U2 - 10.1007/s11211-014-0209-3

DO - 10.1007/s11211-014-0209-3

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 175

EP - 208

JO - Social Justice Research

JF - Social Justice Research

SN - 0885-7466

IS - 2

ER -