How low-paid employees avoid poverty: An analysis by family type and household structure

K Gardiner, Jane Millar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)
129 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The risk of poverty is very unevenly distributed in society. Some groups – unemployed people, lone parents, large families, people with disabilities, and some ethnic groups – have much higher poverty rates than average. Some events – losing a job, marital breakdown, having children – also put people at high risk of poverty. But being in a high-risk group does not necessarily mean you will be poor, nor does experiencing an event with a high poverty risk attached to it. Some people avoid poverty, despite being in high-risk groups or facing high-risk events. This article focuses on one such group – low-paid workers – and explores whether and how people in low-paid jobs are able to avoid poverty. We consider three main options – own wages and in particular working long hours, living with other people and sharing income, and state transfers through the tax and benefit system – and compare these across different family and household types. The results highlight the importance of household living arrangements in protecting low-waged individuals against poverty.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-369
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Social Policy
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2006

Fingerprint

household structure
poverty
employee
event
Group
large family
disability
ethnic group
life situation
analysis
family
taxes
wage
parents
income
worker

Cite this

How low-paid employees avoid poverty: An analysis by family type and household structure. / Gardiner, K; Millar, Jane.

In: Journal of Social Policy, Vol. 35, No. 3, 07.2006, p. 351-369.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ce0a623507654665b0728eafb3674dfa,
title = "How low-paid employees avoid poverty: An analysis by family type and household structure",
abstract = "The risk of poverty is very unevenly distributed in society. Some groups – unemployed people, lone parents, large families, people with disabilities, and some ethnic groups – have much higher poverty rates than average. Some events – losing a job, marital breakdown, having children – also put people at high risk of poverty. But being in a high-risk group does not necessarily mean you will be poor, nor does experiencing an event with a high poverty risk attached to it. Some people avoid poverty, despite being in high-risk groups or facing high-risk events. This article focuses on one such group – low-paid workers – and explores whether and how people in low-paid jobs are able to avoid poverty. We consider three main options – own wages and in particular working long hours, living with other people and sharing income, and state transfers through the tax and benefit system – and compare these across different family and household types. The results highlight the importance of household living arrangements in protecting low-waged individuals against poverty.",
author = "K Gardiner and Jane Millar",
year = "2006",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1017/S0047279406009822",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "351--369",
journal = "Journal of Social Policy",
issn = "0047-2794",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How low-paid employees avoid poverty: An analysis by family type and household structure

AU - Gardiner, K

AU - Millar, Jane

PY - 2006/7

Y1 - 2006/7

N2 - The risk of poverty is very unevenly distributed in society. Some groups – unemployed people, lone parents, large families, people with disabilities, and some ethnic groups – have much higher poverty rates than average. Some events – losing a job, marital breakdown, having children – also put people at high risk of poverty. But being in a high-risk group does not necessarily mean you will be poor, nor does experiencing an event with a high poverty risk attached to it. Some people avoid poverty, despite being in high-risk groups or facing high-risk events. This article focuses on one such group – low-paid workers – and explores whether and how people in low-paid jobs are able to avoid poverty. We consider three main options – own wages and in particular working long hours, living with other people and sharing income, and state transfers through the tax and benefit system – and compare these across different family and household types. The results highlight the importance of household living arrangements in protecting low-waged individuals against poverty.

AB - The risk of poverty is very unevenly distributed in society. Some groups – unemployed people, lone parents, large families, people with disabilities, and some ethnic groups – have much higher poverty rates than average. Some events – losing a job, marital breakdown, having children – also put people at high risk of poverty. But being in a high-risk group does not necessarily mean you will be poor, nor does experiencing an event with a high poverty risk attached to it. Some people avoid poverty, despite being in high-risk groups or facing high-risk events. This article focuses on one such group – low-paid workers – and explores whether and how people in low-paid jobs are able to avoid poverty. We consider three main options – own wages and in particular working long hours, living with other people and sharing income, and state transfers through the tax and benefit system – and compare these across different family and household types. The results highlight the importance of household living arrangements in protecting low-waged individuals against poverty.

UR - http://www.journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=JSP

U2 - 10.1017/S0047279406009822

DO - 10.1017/S0047279406009822

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 351

EP - 369

JO - Journal of Social Policy

JF - Journal of Social Policy

SN - 0047-2794

IS - 3

ER -