Hostile sexism (de)motivates women's social competition intentions: The contradictory role of emotions

Elena Lemonaki, Antony S R Manstead, Gregory R. Maio

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13 Citations (SciVal)


In the present research, we examine the ways in which exposure to hostile sexism influences women's competitive collective action intentions. Prior to testing our main model, our first study experimentally induced high versus low levels of security-comfort with the aim of providing experimental evidence for the proposed causal link between these emotions and intentions to engage in social competition. Results showed that lower levels of security-comfort reduced women's readiness to compete socially with men. Experiment 2 investigated the effect of hostile sexism on women's emotional reactions and readiness to engage in social competition. Consistent with the proposed model, results showed that exposure to hostile beliefs about women (1) increased anger-frustration and (2) decreased security-comfort. More specifically, exposure to hostile sexism had a positive indirect effect on social competition intentions through anger-frustration, and a negative indirect effect through security-comfort.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-499
Number of pages17
JournalBritish Journal of Social Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Benevolent sexism
  • Emotions
  • Social competition
  • Hostile sexism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • Social Psychology


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