We report and investigate on a highly efficient technique to generate broadband cascaded four-wave mixing (FWM) products. It consists of launching two strong pump waves near the zero-dispersion wavelength of very short (of order of few meters) optical fibers. Simulations based on split step fourier method (SSFM) and experimental data demonstrate the efficiency of this approach. Multiple FWM products have been investigated by using conventional fibers and ultra-flattened dispersion photonic crystal fibers. Measured results present bandwidths of 300 nm with up to 118 FWM products. We have also demonstrated a flat bandwidth of 110 nm covering the C and L bands, with a small variation of only 1.2 dB between the powers of FWM products, achieved by using highly nonlinear fibers (HNLFs). The use of dispersion tailored photonic crystal fibers has been shown interesting for improving the multiple FWM efficiency and reducing the separation between the pump wavelengths.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics