Higher resistance of Campylobacter coli compared to Campylobacter jejuni at chicken slaughterhouse

Alicia Torralbo, Carmen Borge, Ignacio García-Bocanegra, Guillaume Méric, Anselmo Perea, Alfonso Carbonero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to compare the prevalence of Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni during the processing of broilers at slaughterhouse a total of 848 samples were analyzed during 2012 in southern Spain. Four hundred and seventy six samples were collected from cloaca, carcass surfaces and quartered carcasses. Moreover, 372 environmental swabs from equipment and scalding water were collected. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, streptomycin, tetracycline and gentamicin was determined for isolates from chicken meat. The general prevalence of Campylobacter was 68.8% (40.2% of C. coli and 28.5% of C. jejuni). The relative prevalence of C. coli increased from loading dock area (41.5%) to packing area (64.6%). In contrast, the relative prevalence of C. jejuni decreased from 58.5% to 35.4%. These differences between species from initial to final area were significant (p=0.02). The highest antimicrobial resistance for C. jejuni and C. coli was detected to tetracycline (100%) and ciprofloxacin (100%), respectively. Campylobacter coli showed an antimicrobial resistance significantly higher than C. jejuni to streptomycin (p=0.002) and erythromycin (p<0.0001).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalComparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious diseases
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

Keywords

  • Abattoirs
  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Campylobacter Infections
  • Campylobacter coli
  • Campylobacter jejuni
  • Chickens
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial
  • Food Microbiology
  • Meat
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Prevalence
  • Spain
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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