High-throughput fabrication of carbonized electrospun polyacrylonitrile/poly(acrylic acid) nanofibers with additives for enhanced electrochemical sensing

Huey Ling Tan, Maria Kana Sanira Putri, Siti Shawalliah Idris, Niklas Hartikainen, Noor Fitrah Abu Bakar, Antonios Keirouz, Norbert Radacsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Lightweight, polyacrylonitrile-derived electrodes with different additives were fabricated using high-throughput nozzle-free electrospinning. The electrospun precursor nanofibers (PNFs) containing iron oxide, gold nanoparticles, or reduced graphene oxide (rGO) were subjected to oxidative stabilization and carbonization to obtain a carbon-rich conductive nanofiber structure. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the carbon nanofibers contracted between 11 and 55% while the Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed that the carbon nanofibers were thermally stable. Thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry results revealed that the cross-linking of the chain molecules and cyclization were completed. Next, cyclic voltammetry results indicated that the electroactivity of the modified screen-printed carbon electrodes was decreased by 85% due to the presence of carbon glue. The modified device presented significant enhanced electrochemical responses with the inclusions of nanoparticles, with rGO showing a 2.13 times higher electroactive surface area, followed by iron oxide (two times) and gold nanoparticles (1.37 times) than the equivalent PNFs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number49341
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number43
Early online date26 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2020


  • cyclic voltammetry
  • degradation
  • electroactive surface area
  • nanoparticles
  • nozzle-free electrospinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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