High dietary protein restores overreaching induced impairments in leukocyte trafficking and reduces the incidence of upper respiratory tract infection in elite cyclists

Oliver C Witard, J E Turner, Sarah R Jackman, Arie K Kies, Asker E Jeukendrup, Jos A Bosch, Kevin D Tipton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)
201 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The present study examined whether a high protein diet prevents the attenuated leukocyte redistribution in response to acute exercise caused by a large volume of high-intensity exercise training. Eight cyclists (VO2max: 64.2 ± 6.5 mL kg-1·min-1) undertook two separate weeks of high-intensity training while consuming either a high protein diet (3 g kg-1 protein·BM-1·day-1) or an energy and carbohydrate-matched control diet (1.5 g·kg-1 protein·BM-1·day-1). High-intensity training weeks were preceded by a week of normal-intensity training under the control diet. Leukocyte and lymphocyte sub-population responses to acute exercise were determined at the end of each training week. Self-reported symptoms of upper-respiratory tract infections (URTI) were monitored daily by questionnaire. Undertaking high-intensity training with a high protein diet restored leukocyte kinetics to similar levels observed during normal-intensity training: CD8+TL mobilization (normal-intensity: 29,319±13,130 cells/μL× ∼165 min vs. high-intensity with protein: 26,031±17,474 cells/μL× ∼165 min, P>0.05), CD8+TL egress (normal-intensity: 624 ± 264 cells/μL vs. high-intensity with protein: 597 ± 478 cells/μL, P>0.05). This pattern was driven by effector-memory populations mobilizing (normal-intensity: 6,145±6,227 cells/μL× ∼165 min vs. high-intensity with protein: 6,783±8,203 cells/μL× ∼165 min, P>0.05) and extravastating from blood (normal-intensity: 147±129 cells/μL vs. high-intensity with protein: 165±192 cells/μL, P>0.05). High-intensity training while consuming a high protein diet was associated with fewer symptoms of URTI compared to performing high-intensity training with a normal diet (P<0.05). To conclude, a high protein diet might reduce the incidence of URTI in athletes potentially mediated by preventing training-induced impairments in immune-surveillance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBrain Behavior and Immunity
Early online date11 Oct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'High dietary protein restores overreaching induced impairments in leukocyte trafficking and reduces the incidence of upper respiratory tract infection in elite cyclists'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this