Hetero-dehydrocoupling of silanes and amines by heavier alkaline earth catalysis

Michael S. Hill, David J. Liptrot, Dugald J. MacDougall, Mary F. Mahon, Thomas P. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The homoleptic alkaline earth hexamethyldisilazides, [M{N(SiMe 3)2}2]2 (1: M = Mg; 2: M = Ca; 3: M = Sr), have been demonstrated as active pre-catalysts for the cross-dehydrocoupling of Si-H and N-H bonds under mild (25-60 °C) conditions. The reactions are applicable to the coupling of a wide variety of amine and silane substrates and are proposed to occur via a sequence of discrete Si-H/M-N and N-H/M-H metathesis steps. Whereas reactions of dialkyl group 2 species with 2,6-di-iso-propylaniline and phenylsilane delivered a series of well-defined compounds consistent with this rationale, kinetic analysis of the cross-coupling of diethylamine with diphenylsilane provided evidence for a more complex and subtly variable mechanistic landscape. Although reactions performed with all three pre-catalysts presented a number of common features, in every case the calcium species, 2, was found to provide notably superior catalytic activity, an order of magnitude higher than both 1 and 3 and in excess of many previously described benchmark transition metal- or f-element-mediated processes. Variations in overall reaction order, mode of pre-catalyst activation and the nature of the rate determining process are postulated to arise as a consequence of the marked change in M2+ radius and resultant charge density as group 2 is descended.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4212-4222
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Science
Volume4
Issue number11
Early online date14 Aug 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

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