Electrical capacitance tomography (ECT) attempts to image the permittivity distribution of an object by measuring the electrical capacitance between sets of electrodes placed around its periphery. Image reconstruction in ECT is a nonlinear ill posed inverse problem, and regularization methods are needed to stabilize this inverse problem. Reconstruction of complex shapes (sharp edges) and absolute permittivity values are more difficult task in ECT and the commonly used regularization methods in Tikhonov minimization are unable to solve these problems. In the standard Tikhonov regularization method, the regularization matrix has a Laplacian type structure, which encourages smoothing reconstruction. A Helmholtz type regularization scheme has been implemented to solve the inverse problem with complicated shape objects and the absolute permittivity values. The Helmholtz type regularization has a wave like property and encourages variations of permittivity. The results from experimental data demonstrate the advantage of the Helmholtz-type regularization for recovering sharp edges over popular Laplacian type regularization in the framework of Tikhonov minimization. Further, this paper presents the examples of the reconstructed absolute value permittivity map in ECT using experimental phantom data.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
|Published - Jan 2010