Health amongst former rugby union players

A cross-sectional study of morbidity and health-related quality of life

Madeleine Davies, Andrew Judge, Antonella Delmestri, Simon Kemp, Keith Stokes, Nigel Arden, Julia Newton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In the general population, physical activity is associated with improved health outcomes. However, long-term sports participation may be associated with adverse outcomes, particularly at the elite level. The aims of this study were to assess morbidity and health-related quality of life (HrQoL) amongst former rugby players, compared to an age-standardised general population sample. A cross-sectional study of former elite, male, rugby players (n = 259) was undertaken, and standardised morbidity ratios (SMR) calculated, assessing morbidity prevalence relative to English Longitudinal Study of Aging participants (ELSA, n = 5186). HrQoL, measured using the EQ-5D, was compared to a Health Survey for England (HSE, n = 2981) sample. In SMR analyses of participants aged 50+, diabetes was significantly lower amongst former players, (0.28, 95% CI 0.11-0.66), whereas osteoarthritis (4.00, 95% CI 3.32-4.81), joint replacement (6.02, 95% CI 4.66-7.77), osteoporosis (2.69, 95% CI 1.35-5.38), and anxiety (2.00, 95% CI 1.11-3.61) were significantly higher. More problems in HrQoL were reported amongst former players within the domains of mobility (p < 0.001), self-care (p = 0.041), usual activities (p < 0.001) and pain/discomfort (p < 0.001). Morbidity and HrQoL differ between players and the general population, with higher musculoskeletal morbidity and lower diabetes amongst former players. The magnitude of musculoskeletal morbidity may warrant proactive osteoarthritis management within this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11786
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
Early online date28 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

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Football
Cross-Sectional Studies
Quality of Life
Morbidity
Health
Osteoarthritis
Population
Replacement Arthroplasties
Self Care
Health Surveys
England
Osteoporosis
Sports
Longitudinal Studies
Anxiety
Pain

Keywords

  • Rugby Science Research Group

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Health amongst former rugby union players : A cross-sectional study of morbidity and health-related quality of life. / Davies, Madeleine; Judge, Andrew; Delmestri, Antonella; Kemp, Simon; Stokes, Keith; Arden, Nigel; Newton, Julia.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, No. 1, 11786, 01.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davies, Madeleine ; Judge, Andrew ; Delmestri, Antonella ; Kemp, Simon ; Stokes, Keith ; Arden, Nigel ; Newton, Julia. / Health amongst former rugby union players : A cross-sectional study of morbidity and health-related quality of life. In: Scientific Reports. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 1.
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