Habit and identity: Behavioral, cognitive, affective, and motivational facets of an integrated self

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Two studies investigated associations between habits and identity, in particular what people consider as their 'true self'. Habit-identity associations were assessed by within-participant correlations between self-reported habit and associated true self ratings of 80 behaviors. The behaviors were instantiations of 10 basic values. In Study 1, significant correlations were observed between individual differences in the strength of habit-identity associations, measures of cognitive self-integration (prioritizing self-relevant information), self-esteem, and an orientation toward an ideal self. Study 2 further tested the assumption that habits are associated with identity if these relate to important goals or values. An experimental manipulation of value affirmation demonstrated that, compared to a control condition, habit-identity associations were stronger if participants explicitly generated the habit and true self ratings while indicating which values the behaviors would serve. Taken together, the results suggest that habits may serve to define who we are, in particular when these are considered in the context of self-related goals or central values. When habits relate to feelings of identity this comes with stronger cognitive self-integration, higher self-esteem, and a striving toward an ideal self. Linking habits to identity may sustain newly formed behaviors and may thus lead to more effective behavior change interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1504
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Habit
  • Identity
  • Integrated self
  • Self-esteem
  • Self-regulatory focus
  • True self
  • Value affirmation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Habit and identity: Behavioral, cognitive, affective, and motivational facets of an integrated self. / Verplanken, Bas; Sui, Jie.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 10, 1504, 10.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4f3de25127b6477d8cddc6ac322c4846,
title = "Habit and identity: Behavioral, cognitive, affective, and motivational facets of an integrated self",
abstract = "Two studies investigated associations between habits and identity, in particular what people consider as their 'true self'. Habit-identity associations were assessed by within-participant correlations between self-reported habit and associated true self ratings of 80 behaviors. The behaviors were instantiations of 10 basic values. In Study 1, significant correlations were observed between individual differences in the strength of habit-identity associations, measures of cognitive self-integration (prioritizing self-relevant information), self-esteem, and an orientation toward an ideal self. Study 2 further tested the assumption that habits are associated with identity if these relate to important goals or values. An experimental manipulation of value affirmation demonstrated that, compared to a control condition, habit-identity associations were stronger if participants explicitly generated the habit and true self ratings while indicating which values the behaviors would serve. Taken together, the results suggest that habits may serve to define who we are, in particular when these are considered in the context of self-related goals or central values. When habits relate to feelings of identity this comes with stronger cognitive self-integration, higher self-esteem, and a striving toward an ideal self. Linking habits to identity may sustain newly formed behaviors and may thus lead to more effective behavior change interventions.",
keywords = "Habit, Identity, Integrated self, Self-esteem, Self-regulatory focus, True self, Value affirmation",
author = "Bas Verplanken and Jie Sui",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "10",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01504",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology: Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Habit and identity: Behavioral, cognitive, affective, and motivational facets of an integrated self

AU - Verplanken, Bas

AU - Sui, Jie

PY - 2019/7/10

Y1 - 2019/7/10

N2 - Two studies investigated associations between habits and identity, in particular what people consider as their 'true self'. Habit-identity associations were assessed by within-participant correlations between self-reported habit and associated true self ratings of 80 behaviors. The behaviors were instantiations of 10 basic values. In Study 1, significant correlations were observed between individual differences in the strength of habit-identity associations, measures of cognitive self-integration (prioritizing self-relevant information), self-esteem, and an orientation toward an ideal self. Study 2 further tested the assumption that habits are associated with identity if these relate to important goals or values. An experimental manipulation of value affirmation demonstrated that, compared to a control condition, habit-identity associations were stronger if participants explicitly generated the habit and true self ratings while indicating which values the behaviors would serve. Taken together, the results suggest that habits may serve to define who we are, in particular when these are considered in the context of self-related goals or central values. When habits relate to feelings of identity this comes with stronger cognitive self-integration, higher self-esteem, and a striving toward an ideal self. Linking habits to identity may sustain newly formed behaviors and may thus lead to more effective behavior change interventions.

AB - Two studies investigated associations between habits and identity, in particular what people consider as their 'true self'. Habit-identity associations were assessed by within-participant correlations between self-reported habit and associated true self ratings of 80 behaviors. The behaviors were instantiations of 10 basic values. In Study 1, significant correlations were observed between individual differences in the strength of habit-identity associations, measures of cognitive self-integration (prioritizing self-relevant information), self-esteem, and an orientation toward an ideal self. Study 2 further tested the assumption that habits are associated with identity if these relate to important goals or values. An experimental manipulation of value affirmation demonstrated that, compared to a control condition, habit-identity associations were stronger if participants explicitly generated the habit and true self ratings while indicating which values the behaviors would serve. Taken together, the results suggest that habits may serve to define who we are, in particular when these are considered in the context of self-related goals or central values. When habits relate to feelings of identity this comes with stronger cognitive self-integration, higher self-esteem, and a striving toward an ideal self. Linking habits to identity may sustain newly formed behaviors and may thus lead to more effective behavior change interventions.

KW - Habit

KW - Identity

KW - Integrated self

KW - Self-esteem

KW - Self-regulatory focus

KW - True self

KW - Value affirmation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069448751&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01504

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01504

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - Frontiers in Psychology: Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology: Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

M1 - 1504

ER -