GRB 090926A and Bright Late-time Fermi Large Area Telescope Gamma-ray Burst Afterglows

C.~A. Swenson, A. Maxham, P.~W.~A. Roming, P. Schady, L. Vetere, B.~B. Zhang, B. Zhang, S.~T. Holland, J.~A. Kennea, N.~P.~M. Kuin, S.~R. Oates, K.~L. Page, M. De Pasquale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract



GRB 090926A was detected by both the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope (LAT) instruments on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Swift follow-up observations began ~13 hr after the initial trigger. The optical afterglow was detected for nearly 23 days post trigger, placing it in the long-lived category. The afterglow is of particular interest due to its brightness at late times, as well as the presence of optical flares at T0+105 s and later, which may indicate late-time central engine activity. The LAT has detected a total of 16 gamma-ray bursts; nine of these bursts, including GRB 090926A, also have been observed by Swift. Of the nine Swift-observed LAT bursts, six were detected by UVOT, with five of the bursts having bright, long-lived optical afterglows. In comparison, Swift has been operating for five years and has detected nearly 500 bursts, but has only seen ~30% of bursts with optical afterglows that live longer than 105 s. We have calculated the predicted gamma-ray fluence, as would have been seen by the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) on board Swift, of the LAT bursts to determine whether this high percentage of long-lived optical afterglows is unique, when compared to BAT-triggered bursts. We find that, with the exception of the short burst GRB 090510A, the predicted BAT fluences indicate that the LAT bursts are more energetic than 88% of all Swift bursts and also have brighter than average X-ray and optical afterglows.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L14-L18
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume718
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2010

Keywords

  • gamma-ray burst: general, gamma-ray burst: individual: GRB 090926A, shock waves, Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

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