GPS TEC and scintillation measurements from the polar ionosphere during the October 2003 storm

Cathryn N. Mitchell, L. Alfonsi, G. De Franceschi, M. Lester, V. Romano, A. W. Wernik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Severe ionospheric storms occurred at the end of October 2003. During the evening of 30 October a narrow stream of high electron concentration plasma crossed the polar cap in the antisunward ionospheric convection. A GPS scintillation receiver in the European high arctic, operating at 1.575 GHz, experienced both phase and amplitude scintillation on several satellite-to-ground links during this period. Close examination of the GPS signals revealed the scintillation to be co-located with strong gradients in Total Electron Content (TEC) at the edge of the plasma stream. The gradient-drift instability is a likely mechanism for the generation of the irregularities causing some of the scintillation at L band frequencies during this storm. The origin of the high TEC is explored and the possible implications of the work for scintillation forecasting are noted. The results indicate that the GPS scintillation over Svalbard can originate from traceable ionospheric plasma structures convecting from the American sector.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberL12S03
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume32
Issue number12
Early online date3 May 2005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005

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ionospheres
scintillation
ionosphere
GPS
plasma
electrons
ionospherics
convection
ionospheric storms
electron
gradients
evening
polar caps
ultrahigh frequencies
irregularities
forecasting
total electron content
sectors
receivers
examination

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GPS TEC and scintillation measurements from the polar ionosphere during the October 2003 storm. / Mitchell, Cathryn N.; Alfonsi, L.; De Franceschi, G.; Lester, M.; Romano, V.; Wernik, A. W.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, No. 12, L12S03, 01.06.2005, p. 1-4.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mitchell, Cathryn N. ; Alfonsi, L. ; De Franceschi, G. ; Lester, M. ; Romano, V. ; Wernik, A. W. / GPS TEC and scintillation measurements from the polar ionosphere during the October 2003 storm. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2005 ; Vol. 32, No. 12. pp. 1-4.
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T1 - GPS TEC and scintillation measurements from the polar ionosphere during the October 2003 storm

AU - Mitchell, Cathryn N.

AU - Alfonsi, L.

AU - De Franceschi, G.

AU - Lester, M.

AU - Romano, V.

AU - Wernik, A. W.

PY - 2005/6/1

Y1 - 2005/6/1

N2 - Severe ionospheric storms occurred at the end of October 2003. During the evening of 30 October a narrow stream of high electron concentration plasma crossed the polar cap in the antisunward ionospheric convection. A GPS scintillation receiver in the European high arctic, operating at 1.575 GHz, experienced both phase and amplitude scintillation on several satellite-to-ground links during this period. Close examination of the GPS signals revealed the scintillation to be co-located with strong gradients in Total Electron Content (TEC) at the edge of the plasma stream. The gradient-drift instability is a likely mechanism for the generation of the irregularities causing some of the scintillation at L band frequencies during this storm. The origin of the high TEC is explored and the possible implications of the work for scintillation forecasting are noted. The results indicate that the GPS scintillation over Svalbard can originate from traceable ionospheric plasma structures convecting from the American sector.

AB - Severe ionospheric storms occurred at the end of October 2003. During the evening of 30 October a narrow stream of high electron concentration plasma crossed the polar cap in the antisunward ionospheric convection. A GPS scintillation receiver in the European high arctic, operating at 1.575 GHz, experienced both phase and amplitude scintillation on several satellite-to-ground links during this period. Close examination of the GPS signals revealed the scintillation to be co-located with strong gradients in Total Electron Content (TEC) at the edge of the plasma stream. The gradient-drift instability is a likely mechanism for the generation of the irregularities causing some of the scintillation at L band frequencies during this storm. The origin of the high TEC is explored and the possible implications of the work for scintillation forecasting are noted. The results indicate that the GPS scintillation over Svalbard can originate from traceable ionospheric plasma structures convecting from the American sector.

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