Metal halide perovskite solar cells have rapidly emerged as leading contenders in photovoltaic technology. Compositions with a mixture of cation species on the A-site show the best performance and have higher stability. However, the underlying fundamentals of such an enhancement are not fully understood. Here, we investigate the local structures and dynamics of mixed A-cation compositions. We show that substitution of low concentrations of smaller cations on the A-site in formamidimium lead iodide (CH(NH2)2PbI3) results in a global "locking" of the PbI6 octahedra tilting. In the locked structure the octahedra tilt at a larger angle but undergo a much reduced amplitude of rocking motion. A key impact of this feature is that the rotational or tumbling motion of the CH(NH2)2+ molecular ion in a locked cage is severely restricted. We discuss the impact of locking on the photovoltaic performance and stability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Fuel Technology
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Chemistry