Goal striving, coping, and well-being: A prospective investigation of the self-concordance model in sport

Alison Smith, N Ntoumanis, J L Duda, M Vansteenkiste

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Abstract

Developing upon cross-sectional research (Smith, Ntoumanis, & Duda, 2007) supporting the self-concordance model (Sheldon & Elliot, 1999) as a framework for contextual goal striving, the current study investigated the assumptions of the model in relation to season-long goal striving in sport. The study additionally examined the role of coping strategies in the persistence of goal-directed effort. Structural equation modeling analysis with a sample of 97 British athletes indicated that start-of-season autonomous goal motives were linked to midseason effort, which subsequently predicted end-of-season goal attainment. Attainment was positively related to changes in psychological need satisfaction, which, in turn, predicted changes in emotional well-being. In a second model, autonomous and controlled motives positively predicted task-and disengagement-oriented coping strategies, respectively. In turn, these strategies were differentially associated with effort. The findings provide support for contextual adaptations of the self-concordance model and demonstrate the role of coping strategies in the goal striving process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-145
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume33
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

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Keywords

  • goal setting
  • motivation
  • sport
  • self-determination
  • coping

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