Glocalisation of MA in ELT Programmes in Iran

Mostafa Hasrati, Parvaneh Tavakoli

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding


MA programmes in Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Iran are among the most popular postgraduate programmes in the country. This popularity is clearly due to the international value of English as a lingua franca. The number of students in these programmes has exponentially increased in the past two decades from around 50 in 1990 to more than 1200 in 2014 just in public universities. A similar pattern of growth for such programmes is also witnessed in the private sector. In line with what is happening in many other countries, this trend can be observed in other postgraduate programmes, indicating a 'massification' (Tight, 2004; Morely et al., 2002) in Higher Education (HE) in Iran. We argue that although the ‘massification’ in the Iranian HE is potentially influences by the challenges associated with globalization and the local responses to those challenges, it has characteristics that are specific to the local context of HE in Iran. In this paper, after drawing on previous studies in this area (Hasrati & Tavakoli, 2014) and presenting an overview of the impact of globalization on HE, we will provide data from a recent study investigating faculty views on the relationship between globalization and the changes to MA TEFL programmes in Iran. We will further discuss the extent to which the globalised context of HE has been influential in shaping MA TEFL programmes in Iran.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationELT Research and Practice in Iran
Subtitle of host publicationA Local Ring, A Global Reach
Place of PublicationZahedan, Iran
PublisherUniversity of Sistan and Baluchestan
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 24 Feb 2015
Event12th International TELLSI Conference - Iran, Zahedan, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Duration: 25 Feb 201527 Feb 2015


Conference12th International TELLSI Conference
Country/TerritoryIran, Islamic Republic of


  • globalisation; glocalisation; MA in ELT; Iran


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