Global triangulation of intense lightning discharges

Martin Füllekrug, S Constable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A global network of three electromagnetic measurement instruments is used to simultaneously record time series of globally observable Extremely-Low-Frequency (ELF) magnetic field disturbances which propagate with little attenuation around the globe within the Earth-ionosphere cavity. The triangulation of individual lightning flashes results in a picture of the temporal evolution of intense lightning discharge occurrences on the planetary scale during April 1998. The lightning flash charge moments are calculated with the short pulse approximation of the normal mode expansion. The majority of the triangulated lightning discharges exhibit charge moments with a potential to excite mesospheric sprites and similar to 5-20% may account for air breakdown at sprite altitudes in similar to 50-70 km height.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-336
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume27
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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triangulation
lightning
sprite
flash
electromagnetic measurement
Earth ionosphere
moments
extremely low frequencies
globes
temporal evolution
ionosphere
cavity
disturbances
breakdown
attenuation
occurrences
time series
magnetic field
disturbance
cavities

Cite this

Global triangulation of intense lightning discharges. / Füllekrug, Martin; Constable, S.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 27, No. 3, 2000, p. 333-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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