Genetic isolation in an endemic African habitat specialist

Natalie dos Remedios, Clemens Küpper, Tamás Székely, Neil Baker, Wilferd Versfeld, Patricia L.M. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Chestnut-banded Plover Charadrius pallidus is a Near-Threatened shorebird species endemic to mainland Africa. We examined levels of genetic differentiation between its two morphologically and geographically distinct subspecies, C. p. pallidus in southern Africa (population size 11 000–16 000) and C. p. venustus in eastern Africa (population size 6500). In contrast to other plover species that maintain genetic connectivity over thousands of kilometres across continental Africa, we found profound genetic differences between remote sampling sites. Phylogenetic network analysis based on four nuclear and two mitochondrial gene regions, and population genetic structure analyses based on 11 microsatellite loci, indicated strong genetic divergence, with 2.36% mitochondrial sequence divergence between individuals sampled in Namibia (southern Africa) and those of Kenya and Tanzania (eastern Africa). This distinction between southern and eastern African populations was also supported by highly distinct genetic clusters based on microsatellite markers (global FST = 0.309, = 0.510, D = 0.182). Behavioural factors that may promote genetic differentiation in this species include habitat specialization, monogamous mating behaviour and sedentariness. Reliance on an extremely small number of saline lakes for breeding and limited dispersal between populations are likely to promote reproductive and genetic isolation between eastern and southern Africa. We suggest that the two Chestnut-banded Plover subspecies may warrant elevation to full species status. To assess this distinction fully, additional sample collection will be needed, with analysis of genetic and phenotypic traits from across the species’ entire breeding range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)792-802
Number of pages11
JournalIbis
Volume159
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Fingerprint

genetic isolation
Eastern Africa
Southern Africa
habitat
Castanea
habitats
genetic variation
population size
genetic differentiation
subspecies
microsatellite repeats
Charadrius
divergence
breeding
Namibia
threatened species
mating behavior
Tanzania
wader
Kenya

Keywords

  • dispersal
  • phylogeography
  • population genetics
  • shorebirds
  • speciation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

dos Remedios, N., Küpper, C., Székely, T., Baker, N., Versfeld, W., & Lee, P. L. M. (2017). Genetic isolation in an endemic African habitat specialist. Ibis, 159(4), 792-802. https://doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12520

Genetic isolation in an endemic African habitat specialist. / dos Remedios, Natalie; Küpper, Clemens; Székely, Tamás; Baker, Neil; Versfeld, Wilferd; Lee, Patricia L.M.

In: Ibis, Vol. 159, No. 4, 01.10.2017, p. 792-802.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

dos Remedios, N, Küpper, C, Székely, T, Baker, N, Versfeld, W & Lee, PLM 2017, 'Genetic isolation in an endemic African habitat specialist', Ibis, vol. 159, no. 4, pp. 792-802. https://doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12520
dos Remedios N, Küpper C, Székely T, Baker N, Versfeld W, Lee PLM. Genetic isolation in an endemic African habitat specialist. Ibis. 2017 Oct 1;159(4):792-802. https://doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12520
dos Remedios, Natalie ; Küpper, Clemens ; Székely, Tamás ; Baker, Neil ; Versfeld, Wilferd ; Lee, Patricia L.M. / Genetic isolation in an endemic African habitat specialist. In: Ibis. 2017 ; Vol. 159, No. 4. pp. 792-802.
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