Generalized communities in networks

M. E. J. Newman, Tiago P. Peixoto

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A substantial volume of research has been devoted to studies of community structure in networks, but communities are not the only possible form of large-scale network structure. Here we describe a broad extension of community structure that encompasses traditional communities but includes a wide range of generalized structural patterns as well. We describe a principled method for detecting this generalized structure in empirical network data and demonstrate with real-world examples how it can be used to learn new things about the shape and meaning of networks.
Original languageEnglish
Article number088701
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015


  • Computer Science - Social and Information Networks, Condensed Matter - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics, Physics - Data Analysis, Statistics and Probability, Physics - Physics and Society, Statistics - Machine Learning

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