Gender, Internet Identification, and Internet Anxiety: Correlates of Internet Use

R Joiner, J Gavin, J Duffield, M Brosnan, C Crook, A Durndell, P Maras, J Miller, A J Scott, P Lovatt

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132 Citations (SciVal)


This paper reports a study that investigated the effects of gender, Internet anxiety, and Internet identification on use of the Internet. The study involved 608 undergraduate students (490 females and 118 males). We surveyed the students7 experience with the Internet, as well as their levels of Internet anxiety and Internet identification. We found a number of gender differences in participants7 use of the Internet. Males were proportionally more likely to have their own web page than were females. They used the Internet more than females; in particular, they were more likely to use game websites, to use other specialist websites, and to download material from the Internet. However, females did not use the Internet for communication more than males. There was a significant positive relationship between Internet identification and total use of the Internet, and a significant negative relationship between Internet anxiety and total use of the Internet. Controlling for Internet identification and Internet anxiety, we found a significant and negative correlation between gender and use of the Internet. In total, all three of our predictors accounted for 40% of the variance in general Internet use: with Internet identification accounting for 26%, Internet anxiety accounting for 11%, and gender accounting for 3%. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-378
Number of pages8
JournalCyberpsychology & Behavior
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2005


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