Gender differences in income survey reporting:optimism, social desirability and gender identity norm

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Abstract

Mean estimates of annual earnings appear to be subject to relatively small levels of response error, however absolute differences indicate significant over- and underreporting at the individual level. This study investigates the existence of reporting bias patterns along gender lines in the context of optimism, social desirability bias and gender identity norms. This study uses the structure of the PSID (Panel Study of Income Dynamics) dataset, where either husband or wife completes the survey instrument on behalf of the household. Preliminary findings based on FE-IV estimations show that in a Mincer equation log real hourly income specification, the levels vary depending on the respondent. Although both genders report higher income than their spouses do on their behalf, the upward bias is larger and more significant for men.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

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Income
Gender identity
Social desirability
Gender differences
Optimism
Reporting bias
Social desirability bias
Panel study
Household
IV estimation
Spouses
Real income

Cite this

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title = "Gender differences in income survey reporting:optimism, social desirability and gender identity norm",
abstract = "Mean estimates of annual earnings appear to be subject to relatively small levels of response error, however absolute differences indicate significant over- and underreporting at the individual level. This study investigates the existence of reporting bias patterns along gender lines in the context of optimism, social desirability bias and gender identity norms. This study uses the structure of the PSID (Panel Study of Income Dynamics) dataset, where either husband or wife completes the survey instrument on behalf of the household. Preliminary findings based on FE-IV estimations show that in a Mincer equation log real hourly income specification, the levels vary depending on the respondent. Although both genders report higher income than their spouses do on their behalf, the upward bias is larger and more significant for men.",
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