Gamma-ray burst afterglow blast waves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The various stages of baryonic gamma-ray burst afterglow blast waves are reviewed. These are responsible for the afterglow emission from which much of our understanding of gamma-ray bursts derives. Initially, the blast waves are confined to the dense medium surrounding the burster (stellar envelope or dense wind), giving rise to a jet-cocoon structure. A massive ejecta is released and potentially fed by ongoing energy release from the burster and a forward-reverse shock system is set up between ejecta and ambient density. Ultimately the blast wave spreads sideways and slows down, and the dominant afterglow emission shifts from X-rays down to radio. Over the past years significant progress has been made both observationally and theoretically/numerically in our understanding of these blast waves, unique in the universe due to their often incredibly high initial Lorentz factors of 100-1000. The recent discovery of a short gamma-ray burst counterpart to a gravitational wave detection (GW 170817) brings the promise of a completely new avenue to explore and constrain the dynamics of gamma-ray burst blast waves.
LanguageEnglish
Article number1842002
Number of pages46
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics D
Volume27
Issue number13
Early online date29 Jan 2018
DOIs
StatusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

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Gamma-ray Bursts
Blast
blasts
afterglows
gamma ray bursts
ejecta
stellar envelopes
Gravitational Waves
cocoon
gravitational waves
Envelope
Reverse
Shock
universe
shock
radio
shift
Energy
x rays
energy

Cite this

Gamma-ray burst afterglow blast waves. / Van Eerten, Hendrik.

In: International Journal of Modern Physics D, Vol. 27, No. 13, 1842002, 01.10.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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