It has previously been shown that the neuropeptide galanin plays a role in the age-dependent regulation of hippocampal synaptic plasticity and spatial memory. Here, we further extend these studies by demonstrating that galanin knockout mice also have deficits in an object-in-place spatial memory task. In contrast however, there is no deficit in single item object recognition memory, a memory that depends on perirhinal cortex. Furthermore, in perirhinal cortex slices there are no differences in activity-dependent long-term potentiation or depotentiation, nor in muscarinic receptor-dependent long-term depression between galanin knockout mice and wild-type litter-mates. Therefore, these results suggest that galanin has a differential role in hippocampal-dependent and perirhinal cortex-dependent memory.