From cases to capacity?: a critical reflection on the role of 'ethical dilemmas' in the development of dual-use governance

Brett Edwards, James Revill, Louise Bezuidenhout

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Abstract

The dual-use issue is often framed as a series of paralyzing 'dilemmas' facing the scientific community as well as institutions which support innovation. While this conceptualization of the dual-use issue can be useful in certain contexts (such as in awareness-raising and as part of educational activities directed at the scientific community) its usefulness is more limited when reflecting on the governance and politics of the dual-use issue. Within this paper, key shortcomings of the dilemma framing are outlined. It is argued that many of the issues raised in the most recent debates about 'dual-use' bird flu research remain unresolved. This includes questions about the trajectories of certain lines of research, as well as broader trends in the practice and governance of science. This leads to difficult questions about current approaches to the dual-use issue within the US, as well as internationally.
LanguageEnglish
Pages571-582
JournalScience and Engineering Ethics
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatusPublished - Jun 2014

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governance
educational activities
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Critical reflection
Ethical dilemmas
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From cases to capacity? a critical reflection on the role of 'ethical dilemmas' in the development of dual-use governance. / Edwards, Brett; Revill, James; Bezuidenhout, Louise.

In: Science and Engineering Ethics, Vol. 20, No. 2, 06.2014, p. 571-582.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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