Frequency combs with multiple offsets in THz-rate microresonators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Octave-wide frequency combs in microresonators are essential for self-referencing. However, it is difficult for the small-size and high-repetition-rate microresonators to achieve perfect soliton modelocking over the broad frequency range due to the detrimental impact of dispersion. Here we examine the stability of the soliton states consisting of one hundred modes in silicon-nitride microresonators with the one-THz free spectral range. We report the coexistence of fast and slow solitons in a narrow detuning range, which is surrounded on either side by the breather states. We decompose the breather combs into a sequence of sub-combs with different carrier–envelope offset frequencies. The large detuning breathers have a high frequency of oscillations associated with the perturbation extending across the whole microresonator. The small detuning breathers create oscillations localised on the soliton core and can undergo the period-doubling bifurcation, which triggers a sequence of intense sub-combs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39396-39406
Number of pages11
JournalOptics Express
Volume30
Issue number22
Early online date10 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2022

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