In passenger car development, extreme ICE downsizing trends have been observed over the past decade. While this comes with fuel economy benefits, they are often obtained at the expense of Brake Mean Effective Pressure (BMEP) rise time in transient engine response. Through advanced control strategies, the use of Fully Variable Valvetrain (FVVT) technologies has the potential to completely mitigate the associated drivability-penalizing constraints. Adopting a statistical approach, key part load performance engine parameters are analyzed. Design-of-Experiment data is generated using a validated GT-Power model for a Freevalve-converted turbocharged Ultraboost engine. Subsequently, MathWorks' Model Based Calibration (MBC) toolbox is utilized to interpret the data through model fitments using neural network models of optimized architectures. Calibration Generation (CAGE) toolbox is ultimately used to identify best-case look-up tables for the part load steady state performance points based on concluded, case specific, BSFC values. Transient tip-in events are simulated using a step pedal input to full load from the optimized part load points and total rise times are analyzed. For conventional non-FVVT configurations it has been demonstrated that part load cases with higher EGR rates concluded significantly higher T10 (time to 10% of BMEP) values, while T90 (time to 90% of BMEP) and T10-90 (time between 10% and 90% of BMEP) at the tip-in transient were least influenced by residual content. Assuming a Pareto optimal front, this leads to propose that advanced valve control strategies enabled by FVVT technologies, targeting maximum scavenging and optimized EGR rates, are capable of eliminating the potential burden that is turbocharger lag, otherwise sustained in boosted engines as a result of limited cam-based valvetrains, on tip-in transient events from a minimum BSFC steady state part load initial condition.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2023
EventSAE World Congress 2023: Combustion Control and Optimization - Hunington Palace, Detroit, Michigan, USA United States
Duration: 18 Apr 202320 Apr 2023


ConferenceSAE World Congress 2023
Abbreviated titleWCX
Country/TerritoryUSA United States
Internet address


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