Small-molecular probes capable of monitoring and interfering with the activity of biomacromolecules-such as polysaccharides, nucleotides and proteins-are of paramount importance to the advancement of life science. However, such probes that can detect and simultaneously modulate the construction of biomacromolecules are elusive. Here we report a fluorogenic, foldable glycoprobe that can recognize and assemble a protein receptor in a synchronous fashion. The glycoprobe synthesized by introducing a glycoligand (for protein recognition) to a bola-type bis-fluorophore conjugate shows a "self-shielded" fluorescence in the folded state. Association with a receptor protein rapidly unfolds the probe, releasing a fluorophore capable of crosslinking the proteins-as determined using small-angle X-ray scattering-thereby producing a unique fluorescent supramolecular construct. We have demonstrated the use of the foldable glycoprobe in order to track the endocytic cycle of a transmembrane receptor.