Fluctuating levels of personal role engagement within the working day: a multilevel study

Luke Fletcher, Catherine Bailey, Mark Gilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (SciVal)


In this diary study, we examined a theoretical model in which the psychological conditions of meaningfulness, availability, and safety serve as mechanisms through which the work context during discrete situations within the workday influences ‘state’ engagement. We further theorised that a person’s ‘trait’ level of engagement would exert cross-level effects on the ‘state’ level relationships. Multilevel analyses based on a sample of 124 individuals in six organisations and 1,446 situational observations revealed that meaningfulness and availability (but not safety) mediated the relationships between perceptions of the work context and ‘state’ engagement. High levels of ‘trait’ engagement strengthened the within-person relation between availability and ‘state’ engagement, yet weakened the within-person relation between meaningfulness and ‘state’ engagement; suggesting two different processes may be at play. Overall, the findings advance our understanding of engagement as a multilevel and temporally dynamic psychological phenomenon, and promote a contextually-based HRM approach to facilitating engagement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-147
Number of pages20
JournalHuman Resource Management Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2018


  • availability
  • meaningfulness
  • personal role engagement
  • resources
  • safety


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