Flocking from a quantum analogy: Spin-orbit coupling in an active fluid

Benjamin Loewe, Anton Souslov, Paul M. Goldbart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Systems composed of strongly interacting self-propelled particles can form a spontaneously flowing polar active fluid. The study of the connection between the microscopic dynamics of a single such particle and the macroscopic dynamics of the fluid can yield insights into experimentally realizable active flows, but this connection is well understood in only a few select cases. We introduce a model of self-propelled particles based on an analogy with the motion of electrons that have strong spin-orbit coupling. We find that, within our model, self-propelled particles are subject to an analog of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle that relates translational and rotational noise. Furthermore, by coarse-graining this microscopic model, we establish expressions for the coefficients of the Toner-Tu equations - the hydrodynamic equations that describe an active fluid composed of these 'active spins.' The connection between stochastic self-propelled particles and quantum particles with spin may help realize exotic phases of matter using active fluids via analogies with systems composed of strongly correlated electrons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013020
Number of pages16
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • active fluids
  • quantum-classical analogies
  • spin-orbit coupling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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