Abstract

Many successful variational regularization methods employed to solve linear inverse problems in imaging applications (such as image deblurring, image inpainting, and computed tomography) aim at enhancing edges in the solution, and often involve non-smooth regularization terms (e.g., total variation). Such regularization methods can be treated as iteratively reweighted least squares problems (IRLS), which are usually solved by the repeated application of a Krylov projection method. This approach gives rise to an inner–outer iterative scheme where the outer iterations update the weights and the inner iterations solve a least squares problem with fixed weights. Recently, flexible or generalized Krylov solvers, which avoid inner–outer iterations by incorporating iteration-dependent weights within a single approximation subspace for the solution, have been devised to efficiently handle IRLS problems. Indeed, substantial computational savings are generally possible by avoiding the repeated application of a traditional Krylov solver. This paper aims to extend the available flexible Krylov algorithms in order to handle a variety of edge-enhancing regularization terms, with computationally convenient adaptive regularization parameter choice. In order to tackle both square and rectangular linear systems, flexible Krylov methods based on the so-called flexible Golub–Kahan decomposition are considered. Some theoretical results are presented (including a convergence proof) and numerical comparisons with other edge-enhancing solvers show that the new methods compute solutions of similar or better quality, with increased speedup.
Original languageEnglish
Article number216
JournalJournal of Imaging
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2021

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