2 Citations (Scopus)
34 Downloads (Pure)


This study investigates the performance of a new electrically tuneable polyaniline (PANI) membrane, and shows that this synthesis method has the potential to address key challenges of small-acid doped PANI membranes, including: acid dopants leaching out during filtration and low mechanical strength. The novel in-situ polymerisation used poly (2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) (PAMPSA), as polymer acid template leads to the formation of inter-polymer complexes of PANI and polymer acid. The developed membranes were comprehensibly evaluated through visual, chemical, mechanical and filtration studies and compared to small-acid doped membranes (PANI-HCl membranes). The PANI-PAMPSA membranes were smooth, acid leach resistant, had higher tensile strength and showed conductivity three magnitudes higher compared to PANI membrane with post cast doping. The developed membrane showed in-filtration performance stability, electrical tuneability (in-situ control of flux and rejection) and fouling removal characteristics under applied electrical potential. Data obtained by SEM, IR spectroscopy, electrical analysis and cross-flow filtration confirm these results. The overall results showed that the proposed membrane fabrication procedure resulted in a significant improvement in performance across a range of critical parameters, including conductivity, stability, flexibility, permeance and fouling removal with additional advantage of being electrically tuneable.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-272
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Early online date9 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2019


  • Anti-fouling
  • Electrically tuneable membrane
  • Polyaniline
  • Polymer acid dopant
  • Stimuli responsive membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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