We report the use of the alkaline-earth (Ae) metal-catalyzed dehydrocoupling of silanes and amines for the synthesis of ferrocene-containing polycarbosilazanes. The barium complex [Ba(N(SiMe 3) 2) 2·(THF) 2] catalyzed the dehydrocoupling of the hydrosilane FeCp(CpSiPhH 2) (1) with 1,4-(H 2NCH 2) 2C 6H 4 under mild conditions to give a polycarbosilazane with pendant ferrocene groups. The polymer could be readily cross-linked by the addition of phenylsilane to the unquenched reaction mixture. Well-defined polycarbosilazanes with ferrocene in the main chain were also obtained from the dehydrocoupling of hydrosilanes Fe(Cp(SiPhH 2)) 2 (3) and Fe(Cp(SiMe 2H)) 2 (IX) with 1,4-(H(Me)NCH 2) 2C 6H 4 and 1,4-(H 2NCH 2) 2C 6H 4, respectively. Crystalline monomeric analogues, FeCp(Cp(SiPh(NHBn) 2)) (2, Bn = CH 2(C 6H 5)), and Fe(Cp(SiPh(NHBn) 2)) 2 (4), were also obtained via the dehydrocoupling benzylamine with 1 and 3, respectively. The barium-catalyzed dehydrocoupling of diaminoferrocene with Ph 2SiH 2 or Ph(Rc)SiH 2 (6, Rc = (C 5H 4)Ru(C 5H 5)) did not result in polymer, but instead in the formation of the silazane-bridged ansa-ferrocenophanes (Fe(ν-C 5H 4NH) 2SiPh 2) (5) and (Fe(ν-C 5H 4NH) 2SiPh(Rc)) (7), respectively. Both polymeric and molecular products were electrochemically investigated, and the polymers proved to be promising precursors to magnetic iron-containing ceramics in yields of up to 64%.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry