Fe@CNT-monoliths for the conversion of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbons

Structural characterisation and Fischer-Tropsch reactivity investigations

D.R. Minett, J.P. O'Byrne, S.I. Pascu, P.K. Plucinski, R.E. Owen, M.D. Jones, D. Mattia

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Abstract

The direct conversion of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbons with a high economic value, such as olefins, can contribute to preventing further green house gas emissions in the atmosphere. In this paper, we report a synthesis, characterisation and catalytic study centred on iron nanoparticle-carbon nanotube arrays grown on monoliths (Fe@CNT-m). These have been used for the catalytic conversion of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbons, showing superior properties than the powder form. The monolith-supported structure also overcomes limitations of the powder catalyst, such as high-pressure drops and potential toxicity of airborne CNT powders, that have, so-far, limited its use in industry. The optimal process conditions (temperature pressure, flow rate and reaction time) have been identified along with deactivation mechanisms. The different catalytic performance of the residual iron NPs outside and inside the CNTs has also been investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3351-3358
Number of pages8
JournalCatalysis Science and Technology
Volume4
Issue number9
Early online date23 Jun 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2014

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Hydrocarbons
Carbon Dioxide
Powders
Carbon dioxide
Iron
Carbon Nanotubes
Alkenes
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Olefins
Pressure drop
Toxicity
Carbon nanotubes
Flow rate
Nanoparticles
Economics
Catalysts
Industry
Temperature

Cite this

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