Fault detection and tolerance in synchronous vibration control of rotor-magnetic bearing systems

M. N. Sahinkaya, M. O. T. Cole, C. R. Burrows

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of magnetic bearings in rotating machinery provides contact-free rotor support, and allows vibration control using both closed-loop and open-loop strategies. One of the simplest and most effective methods to reduce synchronous lateral vibration when using magnetic bearings is through an open-loop adaptive control technique, in which the amplitude and phase of synchronous magnetic control forces are adjusted automatically to minimize the measured vibrations along the rotor. However, transducer malfunction, or faults in the signal-processing channels, may cause the controller to adapt incorrectly, with unwanted and possibly catastrophic effects. It is shown that an extension to the control strategy, which utilizes the variances of the measured system response and identified parameters, enables the faults to be detected and accounted for so that a modified control action can achieve continued and effective control of the synchronous vibration. The approach is extended further to identify changes in external factors, such as unbalance and rotor dynamics. Various faults and perturbations are examined experimentally, and the ability of the controller to detect and compensate for these changes is demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1401-1416
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science
Volume215
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2001

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Magnetic bearings
Vibration control
Fault tolerance
Fault detection
Rotors
Controllers
Rotating machinery
Force control
Transducers
Signal processing

Cite this

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abstract = "The use of magnetic bearings in rotating machinery provides contact-free rotor support, and allows vibration control using both closed-loop and open-loop strategies. One of the simplest and most effective methods to reduce synchronous lateral vibration when using magnetic bearings is through an open-loop adaptive control technique, in which the amplitude and phase of synchronous magnetic control forces are adjusted automatically to minimize the measured vibrations along the rotor. However, transducer malfunction, or faults in the signal-processing channels, may cause the controller to adapt incorrectly, with unwanted and possibly catastrophic effects. It is shown that an extension to the control strategy, which utilizes the variances of the measured system response and identified parameters, enables the faults to be detected and accounted for so that a modified control action can achieve continued and effective control of the synchronous vibration. The approach is extended further to identify changes in external factors, such as unbalance and rotor dynamics. Various faults and perturbations are examined experimentally, and the ability of the controller to detect and compensate for these changes is demonstrated.",
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