The most commonly reported failure mode of sliding hip screws in published literature is cut-out of the lag screw. This study investigates the resistance to failure of the femoral head, with lag screws used in two types of sliding hip screws, the gamma locking nail (Howmedica) and the dynamic hip screw (DHS) (Synthes). The investigation consisted of biomechanical tests under static loading conditions on 12 pairs of cadaveric femoral heads, to establish the failure loads due to screw cut-out for the two implant lag screws. The gamma nail appeared to reduce the tendency to cut-out in the osteoporotic bone (soft) associated with elderly patients in whom these devices are commonly used (p < 0.05). In high density bone (hard) the gamma lag screw also appeared to be stronger, because the DHS showed a tendency to bend. The larger diameter of the gamma nail lag screw resists bending and appears to reduce the risk of cut-out compared with the DHS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine