The aim of this paper was to review research investigating resilient outcomes for people with a history of Childhood Sexual Abuse (CSA) and implications for practice, as well as to consider issues for clearer definitions. 50 English language peer-reviewed studies (1991-2010) met the inclusion criteria. The reviewed papers identified a number of factors that were repeatedly associated with individuals showing resilient outcomes to child sexual abuse. These included inner resources (e.g., coping skills, interpretation of experiences and self esteem), family relationships, friendships, community resources (e.g., church or school), as well as some abuse related factors (e.g., older age at onset). A large number of methodological concerns within these studies were also noted, including the way in which resilience, child sexual abuse and protective factors were defined. However, despite this, many papers identified similar factors that could be utilised to develop both effective prevention programmes and resilience interventions for the survivors of CSA.
- resilience, child sexual abuse, protective factors, outcome