More than almost any other aspect of French twentieth-century history, the resistance has symbolized a set of democratic and liberal values which constitute the bedrock of French post-war identity. Yet in the 1990s, this heroic story of a national uprising against the forces of nazism was challenged. The war record of prominent resistance activists, such as Raymond and Lucie Aubrac, came under increasing attack. Both in the courtroom and in the pages of major newspapers, the lives and actions of resistance heroes, dead and alive, were contested in ways that point to the very dissolution of the Gaullist myth of la France résistante. In this chapter, we shall explore the shifting politics of memory by looking at the impact of two wartime figures on current debates over the legacy of France’s wartime past: Jean Moulin, the iconic figure of Gaullist resistance, and Maurice Papon, the former Vichy civil servant who was successfully prosecuted for complicity in crimes against humanity in 1998.
|Name||French Politics, Society and Culture Series|
|Conference||19th Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Modern and Contemporary France, September 1999|
|Country||UK United Kingdom|
|Period||1/09/99 → …|