Facing the Bullet? Non-Governmental Organisations’ (NGOs’) Responses to the Changing Aid Landscape in Ghana

Albert A. Arhin, Emmanuel Kumi, Mohammed-Anwar Sadat Adam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (SciVal)
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There is growing evidence suggesting that non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in lower-middle-income countries and emerging economies are facing challenges about their sustainability due to changing aid patterns for development. While the changing development context and the challenges posed to NGOs are increasingly receiving research attention, an understanding of how organisations are responding remains very limited. This article draws on 65 qualitative interviews and presents findings about how NGOs in Ghana, West Africa, are responding to the emerging concerns about their sustainability in the context of the changing aid landscape. Findings suggest that NGOs in Ghana are combining at least six main strategies to attain sustainability. We have categorised these as: (1) eggs-in-multiple-baskets; (2) cost-cutting; (3) strength-in-numbers; (4) security-under-partnership; (5) credibility-building; and (6) visibility-enhancing strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-360
Number of pages13
Issue number2
Early online date27 Feb 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • Aid reduction
  • Civil Society Organisations
  • Ghana
  • Lower-middle-income country
  • NGOs
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Strategy and Management


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