Fabrication of silica hollow core photonic crystal fibres for Er:YAG surgical applications

A. Urich, R. R. J. Maier, J. C. Knight, B. J. Mangan, S. Renshaw, D. P. Hand, J. D. Shepharda

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Abstract

In this work we present the fabrication of silica hollow core photonic crystal fibres (HC-PCF) with guidance at 2.94μm. As light is confined inside the hollow core with a very small overlap of the guided E-M wave with the fibre material, the high intrinsic loss of silica at these mid-infrared wavelengths can be overcome. The band gap effect is achieved by a periodic structure made out of air and fused silica. As silica is bio-inert, chemically stable and mechanically robust, these fibres have potential advantages over other multi-component, non-silica optical fibres designed to guide in this wavelength regime. These fibres have a relatively small diameter, low bend sensitivity and single-mode like guidance which are ideal conditions for delivering laser light down a highly flexible fibre. Consequently they provide a potential alternative to existing surgical laser delivery methods such as articulated arms and lend themselves to endoscopy and other minimally invasive surgical procedures. In particular, we present the characterisation and performance of these fibres at 2.94 μm, the wavelength of an Er:YAG laser. This laser is widely used in surgery since the wavelength overlaps with an absorption band of water which results in clean, non-cauterised cuts. However, the practical implementation of these types of fibres for surgical applications is a significant challenge. Therefore we also report on progress made in developing hermetically sealed end tips for these hollow core fibres to avoid contamination. This work ultimately prepares the route towards a robust, practical delivery system for this wavelength.
Original languageEnglish
Article number821805
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8218
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Er:YAG
Photonic crystal fibers
Photonic Crystal
Silica
Silicon Dioxide
yttrium-aluminum garnet
hollow
Fabrication
Fiber
photonics
silicon dioxide
fabrication
fibers
Fibers
crystals
Wavelength
Laser
Lasers
wavelengths
Guidance

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Fabrication of silica hollow core photonic crystal fibres for Er:YAG surgical applications. / Urich, A.; Maier, R. R. J.; Knight, J. C.; Mangan, B. J.; Renshaw, S.; Hand, D. P.; Shepharda, J. D.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 8218, 821805, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Urich, A. ; Maier, R. R. J. ; Knight, J. C. ; Mangan, B. J. ; Renshaw, S. ; Hand, D. P. ; Shepharda, J. D. / Fabrication of silica hollow core photonic crystal fibres for Er:YAG surgical applications. In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. 2012 ; Vol. 8218.
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